F-1 visas are for individuals to enter the U.S. as a full -time student at an accredited college, university, seminary, conservatory, academic high school, elementary school, or other academic institution or in a language training program. They must be enrolled in a program or course of study that culminates in a degree, diploma, or certificate and your school must be authorized by the U.S. government to accept international students. Most students are eligible for up to one year of Optional Practical Training (OPT), allowing them to accept employment following the completion of their degree program. An additional 24 months is available to students in a qualifying STEM field. Employers must be an e-Verify participant in order to employ foreign nationals working pursuant to STEP OPT. Prior to graduation, F-1 students may be eligible for Curricular Practical Training (CPT) or pre-completion OPT, but the use of such allowances may impact their eligibility for post-completion OPT. Dependents of F-1s are eligible for F-2 status but are not eligible for work authorization.